# Inter 2nd Year Physics

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CHAPTER – 1: PHYSICAL WORLD

1.1.  What is Physics ?

1.2.  Scope and excitement of
physics

1.3.  Physics, technology and
society

1.4.  Fundamental forces in nature

1.5.  Nature of physical laws

CHAPTER –2: UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS

2.1      Introduction

2.2      The
International system of units

2.3      Measurement of length,
Measurement of Large Distances, Estimation of Very Small Distances: Size of
Molecule, Range of Lengths

2.4        Measurement of Mass, Range of Mass

2.5        Measurement of Time

2.6      Accuracy, precision of
instruments and errors in measurement, Systematic errors, random errors, least
count error, Absolute Error, Relative Error and Percentage Error, Combination
of Errors

2.7      Significant Figures, Rules
for Arithmetic Operations with Significant Figures, Rounding off the Uncertain
Digits, Rules for Etermining the Uncertainly in the Results of Arithmatic
Calculations

2.8        Dimensions of Physical Quantities

2.9        Dimensional Formulae and dimensional equations

2.10
Dimensional Analysis and its Applications, Checking the Dimensional Consistency
of Equations, Deducting Ration among the Physical Quantities

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Chapter-3: MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE

3.1      Introduction

3.2        Position, Path Length and Displacement

3.3        Average Velocity and Average Speed

3.4        Instantaneous Velocity and Speed

3.5        Acceleration

3.6      Kinematic
equations for uniformly accelerated motion

3.7        Relative velocity

Elements
of Calculus

Chapter –4: MOTION IN A PLANE

4.1      Introduction

4.2        Scalars and Vectors, Position and Displacement Vectors, Equality of
Vectors

4.3        Multiplication of Vectors by real members

and Subtraction of Vectors – graphical method

4.5        Resolution of vectors

4.7        Motion in a plane, Position Vector and Displacement, Velocity,
Acceleration

4.8      Motion
in a plane with constant acceleration

4.9        Relative velocity in two dimensions

4.10 Projectile
Motion, Equation of path of a projectile, Time of Maximum height, Maximum
height of a projectile, Horizontal range of projectile

4.11 Uniform circular motion

Chapter-5: LAWS OF MOTION

5.1      Introduction

5.2        Aristotle’s fallacy

5.3      The
law of inertia

5.4      Newton’s
first law of Motion

5.5        Newton’s second law of Motion

5.6      Newton’s
third law of Motion, Impulse

5.7        Conservation of momentum

5.8      Equilibrium
of a particle

5.9        Common forces in Mechanics, Friction

5.10 Circular Motion, Motion of a car on a level road, Motion of a car

5.11 Solving problems in Mechanics

Chapter –6: WORK, ENERGY AND POWER

6.1      Introduction

6.2      Notions
of Work and Kinetic Energy: The work-energy theorem.

6.3      Work

6.4        Kinetic Energy

6.5        Work done by a variable force

6.6      The
work-energy theorem for a variable force

6.7        The concept of Potential Energy

6.8        The conservation of Mechanical Energy

6.9        The Potential Energy of a spring

6.10
Various forms of energy: the law of conservation of Energy. Heat, Chemical
Energy, Electrical Energy, The Equivalence of a Mass and Energy, Nuclear
Energy, The Principle of Conservation of Energy.

6.11 Power

6.12 Collisions, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Collisions in one
dimension, Coefficent

– Power consumption in walking

Chapter-7: SYSTEM OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION

7.1      Introduction,
What kind of motion can a rigid body have?

7.2        Centre of mass. Centre of gravity

7.3        Motion of Centre of Mass

7.4      Linear
momentum of a System of particles

7.5        Vector product of Two Vectors

7.6      Angular Velocity and its
relation with linear velocity, Angular acceleration, kinematics of Rotational

7.7      Torque and angular
Momentum, Moment of force (Torque), Angular momentum of a particle, Torque and
angular momentum for a system of a particles, conservation of angular momentum

7.8        Equilibrium of a Rigid Body, Principle of moments

7.9      Moment
of Inertia

7.10
Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axis, Theorem of perpendicular axes,
Theorem of parallel axes

7.11 Dynamics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis.

7.12 Angular
momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis, Conservation of angular
momentum

7.13 Rolling Motion, Kinetic Energy of Rolling Motion

Chapter 8: OSCILLATIONS

8.1      Introduction

8.2        Periodic and Oscillatory Motions, Period and frequency, Displacement

8.3        Simple Harmonic Motions (SHM)

8.4        Simple Harmonic Motion and Uniform Circular Motion

8.5        Velocity and Acceleration in Simple Harmonic Motion

8.6        Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motion

8.7        Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion

8.8      Some systems executing Simple Harmonic
Motion, Oscillations due to a Spring, The Simple Pendulum

8.9        Damped Simple Harmonic Motion

8.10 Forced Oscillations and Resonance

Chapter –9: GRAVITATION

9.1      Introduction

9.2        Kepler’s Laws

9.3        Universal Law of Gravitation

9.4        The Gravitational Constant

9.5        Acceleration due to Gravity of the Earth

9.6      Acceleration
due to gravity below and above the surface of Earth

9.7        Gravitational Potential Energy

9.8        Escape Speed

9.9        Earth Satellite

9.10 Energy of an orbiting satellite

9.11 Geostationary and Polar satellites

9.12 Weightlessness

Chater –10: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Elastic behavior of Solids

10.3 Stress and Strain

10.4 Hook’s law

10.5 Stress – strain curve

10.6
Elastic Moduli, Young’s Modulus, Determination of Yong’s Modulus of the
Material of a Wire, Shear Modulus Bulk Modulus, Poisson’s Ratio.

10.7 Applications of elastic behaviour of Materials.

Chapter – 11: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS

11.1 Introduction

11.2
Pressure, Pascal’s Law, Variation of Pressure with Depth, Atmospheric Pressure
and Gauge Pressure, Hydraulic Machines

11.3 Streamline flow

11.4
Bernoulli’s principle, Speed of Efflux, Torricelli’s Law, Venturi-meter, Blood
Flow and Heart Attack, Dynamic Lift

11.5 Viscosity, Variation of Viscosity of fluids with temperature, Stoke’s
Law

11.6 Reynolds number

11.7
Surface Tension, Surface Energy, Surface Energy and Surface Tension, Angle of
Contact, Drops and Bubbles, Capillary Rise, Detergents and Surface Tension;
What is blood pressure

Chapter – 12: THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Temperature and Heat

12.3 Measurement of Temperature

12.4 Ideal – Gas Equation and Absolute Temperature

12.5 Thermal Expansion

12.6 Specific Heat Capacity

12.7 Calorimetry

12.8 Charge of State, Regelation, Latent Heat

12.9
Heat transfer, Conduction, thermal conductivity, Convection, Radiation,

12.10 Newton’s Law of Cooling.

Chapter –13: THERMODYNAMICS:

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Thermal Equilibrium

13.3 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

13.4 Heat, Internal Energy and Work

13.5 First Law of Thermodynamics

13.6 Specific Heat Capacity

13.7 Thermodynamic State Variables and Equation of State

13.8
Thermodynamic Processes, Quasi-static Isothermal Process, Adiabatic Process,
Irochoric Process, Cyclic Process.

13.9 Heat Engines

13.10 Refrigerators and Heat Pumps

13.11  Second Law of
Thermodynamics

13.12  Reversible and Irreversible
Processes

13.13  Carrot Engine, Carnot’s
Theorem.

CHAPTER – 14: KINETIC THEORY

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Molecular Nature of Matter

14.3 Behaviour of Gases

14.4 Kinetic Theory of an Ideal Gas, Pressure of an Ideal Gas

14.5 Laws of equipartition of energy

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14.6 Specific
Heat Capacity, Monatomic Gases, Diatomic Gases, Polyatomic Gases, Specific Heat
Capacity of Solids, Specific Heat Capacity of Water

14.7 Mean Free Path

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